Oral disease is exceedingly common in small animal patients. In addition, there is a very wide variety of pathologies that are encountered within the oral cavity. These conditions often cause significant pain and/or localized and systemic infection; however, the majority of these conditions have little to no obvious clinical signs. Therefore, diagnosis is not typically made until late in the disease course. Knowledge of these diseases will better equip the practitioner to effectively treat them.
This article covers the more common forms of oral pathology in the dog and cat, excluding periodontal disease, which is covered in its own chapter. The various pathologies are presented in graphic form, and the etiology, clinical signs, recommended diagnostic tests, and treatment options are discussed.
Pathologies that are covered include: persistent deciduous teeth, fractured teeth, intrinsically stained teeth, feline tooth resorption, caries, oral neoplasia, eosinophillic granuloma complex, lymphoplasmacytic gingivostomatitis, enamel hypoplasia, and “missing” teeth.
Topics in Companion Animal Medicine, Vol 23(2), May 2008, pp 59-71. Author: Brook A. Niemiec
Periodontal disease is one of the most common diseases observed by small animal practitioners, and it is the most prevalent type of oral disorder. It has been reported in domestic pets for at least 80 years and is considered a worldwide problem. Recent survey studies of dogs and cats living in several different areas of the world consistently report prevalence rates of periodontal disease of 60% to 80%.
INCIDENCE AND DESCRIPTION
Gingivitis and Periodontal Disease
Feline Odontoclastic Resorptive Lesions
ROLE OF DIET IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF DENTAL DISEASE
Type of Food: Dry versus Wet
Opportunities for Chewing
Dental Diets and Biscuit
FOOD TEXTURE AND KIBBLE SIZE / SHAPE
VOHC SEAL OF ACCEPTANCE
DIET AND FELINE TOOTH RESORPTION (FORL)
PREVENTION OF DENTAL DISEASE AND HOME MAINTENANCE CARE
Canine and Feline Nutrition (3rd ed), 2011, Chapter 34, pp 437-453. Authors: Linda P. Case, Leighann Daristotle, Michael G. Hayek, Melody Foess Raasch.
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